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WINGS Birding Tours – Information


Tour Information

Note: The information presented here is an abbreviated version of our formal General Information for Tours to Colombia. Its purpose is solely to give readers a sense of what might be involved if they took this tour. Although we do our best to make sure what follows here is completely accurate, it should not be used as a replacement for the formal document which will be sent to all tour registrants, and whose contents supersedes any information contained here.

ENTERING COLOMBIA:  US citizens must present a passport valid at the time of entry and with at least one blank page for an entry stamp. No visa is required for US citizens visiting Colombia for 90 days or less. Visitors from other countries may need a visa; please contact your nearest Colombian embassy or consulate for further information.

COUNTRY INFORMATION: You can review the U.S. Department of State Country Specific Travel Information at, and the CIA World Factbook background notes on Colombia at

Safety: After years of instability, Colombia is once again becoming a safe destination for sensible international travelers. The Colombian government has made significant progress in strengthening its democratic institutions, promoting respect for human rights and the rule of law, intensifying counter-narcotics efforts, fostering socioeconomic development, addressing immediate humanitarian needs, and ending the threats to democracy posed by narcotics trafficking and terrorism. Security has improved massively and violence has decreased markedly in most areas, and there is no significant terrorist threat in the areas we will visit. However petty crimes such as pickpocketing are common in major cities including airports, so be careful.

PACE OF TOUR: This is a fairly rigorous tour. Because the forests of the Colombian Andes are highly fragmented and only a few scattered sites remain accessible, there will be quite a few long drives between birding localities. 

Our days will begin between 5:00 and 6:00 a.m., however there will be some mornings when we start at 04:15 so that we reach areas in time to see rare parrots leave their roosts. Some breakfasts will be taken in the field, others will be eaten at our hotels and lodges. On some days we’ll take a picnic lunch in the field and on others we’ll stop at roadside restaurants. 

Participants should be able to walk at a slow to moderate pace for five or six hours at a time; we may walk in the sun on some roads, though most of our trails will be in the shade. Although we’ll take it slow and not cover long distances on foot, the trails on this tour are tougher than on many others, including some steep up-and-down tracks. Sturdy shoes or boots are necessary and a walking stick may be helpful at times. Rubber boots are highly recommended as some locations can be muddy. 

Be aware that you will not be able to return to the lodge or the vehicle on your own should you become tired. On some days however, it will be possible to stay behind and bird the lodge grounds; there is time for a siesta on those days. 

The long drives will be broken up by restroom breaks and lunch stops. The group will typically return to our lodgings between 5:00 and 7:00 p.m., with dinner generally starting between 7:00 and 8:00. On most days there will be a break of one hour between getting back and meeting up for dinner. The leader will call a list of the birds recorded during the day either just before or just after dinner. 

HEALTH:  The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that all travelers be up to date on routine vaccinations. These include measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine, diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine, varicella (chickenpox) vaccine, polio vaccine, and your yearly flu shot. 

They further recommend that most travelers have protection against Hepatitis A and Typhoid. Please contact your doctor well in advance of your tour’s departure as some medications must be initiated weeks before the period of possible exposure. 

The most current information about travelers’ health recommendations for Colombia can be found on the CDC’s  Travel Health website at 

Malaria: A very small part of the tour is conducted in areas where there is a low risk of malaria; the remainder is at altitudes where it does not occur. Your tour guides will not be taking anti-malarial drugs. Please consult your physician. 

Dengue Fever and Chikungunya: Dengue Fever and Chikungunya virus also occur in parts of Colombia and seems to be becoming more common in many parts of South America. There is no inoculation available for dengue, so no protection can be made in advance of travel. This disease is transmitted by diurnal mosquitoes mostly in heavily populated areas. It is important therefore cover up and use repellent wherever mosquitoes might be encountered. 

Yellow Fever:  At the time of writing, no proof of vaccination is required to enter Colombia unless traveling from a country with a risk of YFV transmission; however the CDC recommends a Yellow Fever vaccination for visitors to certain areas where there is a risk of transmission at altitudes below 2300m. Please check the CDC’s Travel Health website and consult your physician. 

Altitude:  We’ll visit sites from sea level to around 13,000’ (4000m). We will not be carrying oxygen on the vehicle. By the time we get to the 4000m elevation in the tour we would have already crossed the Andes several times and will have been staying and birding at elevations of 8,200’ - 9,850’ (2500m - 3000m). The day we are at 4000m we walk around a visitors center area and then bird down the road and usually after a few hours we are dropping down to lower elevations. No clients have had a serious problem so far with altitude sickness - it is more the cold temperature that affects people. Clients would easily be able to stay with the vehicle if a problem arises at the higher elevation. Some participants who may experience minor symptoms such as headaches at the highest elevations are advised to drink above normal quantities of water and walk slowly or sit quietly to alleviate any problems. 

Smoking:  Smoking is prohibited in the vehicles or when the group is gathered for meals, checklists, etc. If you are sharing a room with a nonsmoker, please do not smoke in the room. If you smoke in the field, do so well away and downwind from the group. If any location where the group is gathered has a stricter policy than the WINGS policy, that stricter policy will prevail.  

Miscellaneous:  Bottled water is readily available throughout the areas visited. Drinking water is provided at reserves, in the van when we are on the road, and with meals. 

There are few issues with insects on this tour. Chiggers are present off the roads in Santa Marta, but are not a real problem. There are a few mosquitoes in some areas. Bring a good insect repellent for mosquitoes and other insects that we will occasionally encounter.

CLIMATE: Temperatures in Bogotá range from about 45F to 75F year around, while the Santa Marta area sees lows of around 55F and highs in the 90s F; Ibague and Otun Quimbaya near Armenia, The El Dorado Lodge and San Lorenzo Ridge in the Santa Marta Mountains are cool – a fleece, scarf and gloves are recommended here and might also be useful at other high elevation sites such as Jardín and Chingaza National Park. Santa Marta’s coast and the Guajira Peninsula is very hot and dry. Our highest birding locale is Nevado del Ruiz at 13,000 feet. Fog and rain are possible at any time of year here. 

ACCOMMODATION: All of our lodges have electricity and all but one (Riohacha) have hot water. In Bogotá, Ibague, Manizales, Jardín, Medellin and Barranquilla, we stay in comfortable modern accommodations with private bathrooms and single accommodations are available. 

Singles cannot always be guaranteed at the Chestnut-capped Piha lodge where we stay two nights; all accommodation here is on a twin basis with private bathroom. We will spend one night in a basic but acceptable hotel at La Victoria. 

Outside of the cities, many of our accommodations are in very birdy settings, and some exciting birding can be had right from the balconies.  

FOOD: Colombian Cuisine is very diverse and varies depending on the different regions of Colombia. In some areas you will find specialties like roasted ants or guinea pigs while in other areas Colombians wouldn’t even touch those dishes.

Colombia is not a paradise for vegetarians as the Colombian diet includes a lot of meat. In the coastal areas you will find a good variety of fish, lobster and seafood often prepared with a sauce made out of coconut milk. The offer of fresh fruit is overwhelming and many of the varieties you have probably never heard of before.

In general breakfast is quite important in Colombia and consists of fruit juice, coffee or hot chocolate, fruit, eggs and bread.

Drinks: Bottled water or a soft drink or a beer is provided at lunch and dinner, as is coffee or tea. Bottled water is provided for day us in the vehicle.

Food Allergies/Requirements: We cannot guarantee that all food allergies can be accommodated at every destination. Participants with significant food allergies or special dietary requirements should bring appropriate foods with them for those times when their needs cannot be met. Announced meal times are always approximate depending on how the day unfolds. Participants who need to eat according to a fixed schedule should bring supplemental food. Please contact the WINGS office if you have any questions. 

TRANSPORTATION: Travel will mostly be by minibus, with 4x4 jeeps used in a few localities such as in the Santa Marta Mountains and at Jardín. In some areas, van travel will alternate with jeep rides to the higher elevations. We will fly from Medellin to Riohacha. 

Note that jeep rides can be rough and cramped for short distances. Participants must be willing and able to ride in any seat in our tour vehicles.

Updated: 23 September 2022