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WINGS Birding Tours – Itinerary

Thailand: The South

Khao Yai and Kaeng Krachen National Parks and the Spoon-billed Sandpiper

Wednesday 19 February to Tuesday 3 March 2020
with Jon Dunn as leader
Saturday 20 February to Friday 5 March 2021
with Jon Dunn as leader

Price: $4,850* (02/2020)

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Spoon-billed Sandpiper Photo: David Sibley

Thailand is a fascinating country with many wonderful national parks and reserves supporting huge numbers of resident and migrant birds, and it’s as well home to a rich and ancient culture many of whose ruins are also wonderful places to bird.

Our tour visits the marshy plains, mangrove coastline, and salt pans at Laem Phak Bia south of  Bangkok where we may encounter nearly 40 species of shorebird including the threatened Nordmann’s Greenshank and Asian Dowitcher and the critically endangered Spoon-billed Sandpiper, and two splendid national parks at Khao Yai and Kaeng Krachan, each with vast tracts of uninterrupted evergreen forest supporting a wide mix of northern and southern bird species as well as a wide variety of mammals.  At Kaeng Krachan we’ll also visit several established blinds where normally secretive birds come to feed.

This tour can be taken in conjunction with our tour, Thailand: The Northwest.

Day 1: The trip begins at 6:00 p.m. with a meeting in the lobby of our Bangkok hotel. Night near Bangkok’s international airport. 

Day 2: We’ll begin in a small marshy area near the old Bangkok airport, where we’ll find a variety of wintering warblers, possibly including Black-browed Reed, Dusky, Oriental Reed, Yellow-browed, and with very good luck Pallas’s Grasshopper (we should at least hear it). We may also see Bluethroat and Eastern Yellow, White (the white-faced leucopsis subspecies), and possibly Citrine Wagtails. We should find White-breasted Waterhens and Ruddy-breasted Crakes lurking among the reeds, and Cinnamon and especially Yellow Bittern are possible. We’ll visit several temples, where we should see Red-breasted Parakeet and possibly Spotted Owlet as well as hundreds of Lyle’s Flying Foxes (fruit bats).

Later we’ll drive to Ayutthaya, the former capital of Old Siam, stopping en route to examine concentrations of feeding Asian Openbills in marshy fields. We’ll have lunch at a riverside restaurant where we often see Pied Kingfisher and later take a short walk among the ruins of this striking capital city, sacked by the Burmese in 1767. We’ll find a variety of chiefly garden birds, including Coppersmith and Lineated Barbets, Common Iora, Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker, and perhaps Small Minivet. Wintering species should include Taiga Flycatcher, and we often find our only Thick-billed Warbler. We’ll depart Ayutthaya for Khao Yai National Park, arriving by early evening at our comfortable resort amid the spectacular cliffs and woodlands near Khao Yai’s northern gate. Night near Khao Yai National Park. 

Days 3–5: We’ll spend three days exploring the densely forested hills, clear rivers, and waterfalls at Khao Yai, one of the best-preserved tracts of tropical evergreen forest in all of Indochina. Khao Yai is noted particularly for larger forest birds, among which are three or four species of hornbill, including the magnificent Great, as well as Orange-breasted and Red-headed Trogons, Banded Kingfisher, Banded and Long-tailed Broadbills, and sometimes Sultan Tit. In addition we can expect a fine collection of raptors, pigeons, barbets, woodpeckers, leafbirds, bulbuls, laughingthrushes, babblers, warblers, sunbirds, and flowerpeckers. Red Junglefowl and Siberian Blue Robin haunt the undergrowth, and there is a chance of finding other, scarcer ground birds such as the elegant Siamese Fireback, Silver Pheasant, and the elusive Coral-billed Ground-Cuckoo or Blue Pitta. At dusk we’ll look for Great Eared-Nightjars.

Khao Yai is also extremely rich in mammals, including Pig-tailed Macaque, gloriously vocal gibbons, Black Giant Squirrel, civets, Sambar and Barking Deer (Red Muntiac), East Asian (Malaysian) Porcupine, and Asian Elephant. Nights near Khao Yai National Park. 

Day 6: This morning we’ll depart via Bangkok for the coastal town of Laem Phak Bia, stopping at Bra Budha Noi, a temple at the foot of limestone karst cliffs and the haunt of the very local Limestone Wren-Babbler.  We’ll have lunch en route and continue on to the Laem Phak Bia, our home for the next three evenings. Hopefully, we’ll have time to visit the Royal Project, only a few minutes away where we might see Javan Pond Heron, Slaty-breasted Rail and Ruddy-breasted Crake, and both Pin-tailed Snipe and Greater Painted-Snipe.  White-shouldered (sometimes with Daurian) Starlings come into the mangroves here to roost.

Day 7: We’ll spend much of the day birding the brackish and saltwater mudflats, sandflats, mangroves, and salt pans of Phetchaburi Province in the western sectors of the Gulf of Thailand. We’ll search for 40 or more shorebird species, including Red-necked and Long-toed Stints, Great Knot, Broad-billed and Marsh Sandpipers, and Greater and Lesser Sand Plovers. If we’re lucky, we may see the endangered Spoon-billed Sandpiper (there were about three  individuals here in 2015), the threatened Nordmann’s Greenshank, and possibly Asian Dowitcher. We should also find Brown-headed and possibly Pallas’s (Great Black-headed) Gulls, Brahminy Kite, and Black-capped and Collared Kingfishers, among many other species. In the past several years one or two White-faced Plovers (Charadrius dealbatus) have wintered on the sand spit at Laem Phak Bia; the species was actually first collected in 1861 by Swinhoe, who described it as a new species in 1870—after which it was forgotten for well over a century! Some taxonomists regard this as a separate species while others treat it as a subspecies of Kentish Plover. We’re also likely to see Chinese and Pacific Reef Egrets, Malaysian Plover, Great Crested and possible Lesser Crested Tern. Night at a lovely and relaxing beachfront resort near Laem Phak Bia. Indian Nightjars are found near here and we’ll try for them at dusk one evening.

Day 8: In the early morning we’ll  return to the Royal Project near Laem Phak Bia, searching for additional  marsh birds such as Yellow Bittern, , Watercock, Bronze-winged Jacana, and a variety of warblers, including Oriental and Black-browed Reed. Later we’ll travel to open country an hour or so away that is particularly good for raptors. Among the many wintering Black Kites, we’ll be looking for eagles: Greater Spotted and Booted are the more regularly encountered species, but we might see Imperial and Steppe as well. The numbers present are highly dependent on the timing of the burning of the rice fields.  In some years our timing is wrong and there are few raptors are present, but nearby wetland hosts many wintering ducks, including Garganey.  Painted Storks and Black-headed Ibis might be present as well, and there is at least a faint chance of seeing a Black-faced Spoonbill or Spot-billed Pelican. After an afternoon break we’ll bird one of the wetlands near Laem Phak Bia, again.  At some point we will visit nearbyBang Khun Sai. An  interesting feature of the town is its “swift apartments,” multi-story concrete structures built by Chinese investors to house wild Germain’s Swiftlets. Thousands of pairs nest in the most favored apartments, each with its own set of (human) managers and a speaker system that broadcasts swift calls at high volume in hopes of attracting additional recruits; the nests reportedly sell for upward of $2,500 per pound in Chinese markets. If there’s time, we’ll return to the Royal Project at dusk to watch hundreds of Black Drongos, starlings, mynas, and Blue-tailed Bee-eaters returning to their mangrove roosts; we may also witness the departure of hundreds of Flying Foxes as they head out for a night’s foraging. Night near Laem Phak Bia.

Day 9: This morning is flexible. If we are missing any of the key waterbirds around Laem Phak Bia, we’ll search for them. Otherwise we’ll depart very early for Kaeng Krachan National Park, stopping at one of several blinds established near the park entrance. These sites are excellent for a number of secretive species that are quite difficult to see in the field, including Scaly-breasted and possibly Bar-backed Partridges, Kalij Pheasant, Greater and Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrushes, and Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher. From time to time even secretive forest Red-legged and Slaty-legged Crakes visit these sites along with Gray Peacock-Pheasant, although we would be very lucky to see one of them. After lunch and an afternoon break we’ll return to one of the blinds or we may enter Kaeng Krachan National Park.  Night at a lodge near the park entrance.

Days 10–12: Kaeng Krachan, with its range of habitats from drier deciduous forest to huge expanses of evergreen forest, is a wonderful place to watch birds. We’ll spend three days and a final morning exploring this region. At our highest point we’ll be searching for Ratchet-tailed Treepie at its only location in Thailand, along with its frequent traveling companion the striking White-hooded Babbler. Black-throated Laughingthrush occur here too, and we have at least a chance of seeing Spot-necked Babbler and Yellow-vented Pigeon. At this season many Oriental Honey-Buzzards should be moving north. Other raptors we might see include Black Eagle and Mountain Hawk-Eagle and with good luck an Oriental Hobby. At middle elevations we’ll search for Gray Peacock-Pheasant (we’ll certainly hear them!), and we might hear Ferruginous Partridge (rarely seen). We might see Southern Brown Hornbill and six species of broadbills, including Black-and-yellow, Black-and-red, Banded, Dusky, and Silver-breasted. Wintering Palearctic species should be numerous and might include some more southerly winterers like Eastern Crowned Warbler and Chinese Blue Flycatcher. The list of uncommon to rare species we might encounter is very long and every year is different.

In the drier deciduous forest, woodpeckers are particularly numerous and we could see more than ten species including Heart-spotted, Black-and-buff and possibly Great Slaty. 

The park harbors many mammals too, and we might encounter Asian Elephant, Golden Jackal, Fea’s Muntjac, Crab-eating Mongoose, and possibly Dhole and even Gaur. A number of cats occur, Leopard being the most frequently seen but also Tiger, although we would be exceptionally lucky to see one. Dusky Langurs, along with a few Banded, are present, as are the distinctive Stump-tailed Macaques. Nights at a lodge near the park entrance.

Day 13:  After a final morning of birding at Kaeng Krachan, we’ll return to Bangkok, arriving at our airport hotel by late afternoon. Night near Bangkok’s international airport.

Day 14:  The tour concludes this morning after breakfast. 


Updated: 23 November 2016


  • 2020 Tour Price : $4,850
  • Single Occupancy Supplement : $790
  • 2021 Prices Not Yet Available


Questions? The Tour Manager for this tour is Greg Greene. Call 1-866-547-9868 or 520-320-9868 or click here to email.

* Tour invoices paid by check carry a 4% discount. Details here.

Maximum group size ten with one leader and a local guide.

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