WingsBirds Updates http://wingsbirds.com Updates from WingsBirds Sun, 26 Feb 2017 16:50:39 -0700 en daily 1 http://wingsbirds.com <p>Jake Mohlmann on his and Evan Obercian's just-completed tour, <a href="http://wingsbirds.com/tours/texas-rio-grande-valley/">Texas: The Rio Grande Valley</a></p> http://wingsbirds.com/reports/#0 2017-02-25 12:52:38 http://wingsbirds.com/reports/#0 Wings Staff Field Reports <p>We just wrapped up an exciting week in south Texas encountering 196 species of birds while covering over 1,147 miles of pavement, dirt, rivers, lakes, and border wall. At the east end of the lower valley, South Padre Island sits as a barrier between the ocean and mainland. Whimbrels, Marbled Godwits, Long-billed Curlews, and Willets all foraged while Reddish Egrets, Little Blue and Tricolored Herons all stood in wait.</p> <p><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/GroupSouthPadreIslandEvansPic.jpg" alt="" width="640" height="427" /></p> <p><em> Our group excited to see what South Padre Island has in store.</em></p> <p>Further up valley several famous birding destinations were explored including Santa Ana and Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuges, and both Estero Llano Grande and Bentsen State Parks. Here we were met by a bevy of Lower Rio Grande specialties including raucous Plain Chachalacas, vibrant Green Jays, and hooting White-tipped Doves. At Estero we managed to eventually find a very rare and exciting bird when we received word it was being seen at the moment we arrived. A male Rose-throated Becard flew in above our heads and sallied for insects as we stood in awe watching this vagrant in the morning mist. While leaving this park one day a keen-eyed observer spotted a Green Kingfisher sitting above its swampy domain staring intently for unsuspecting fish. This was one of three species of kingfisher seen well this week.</p> <p><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/GreenKingfisher.jpg" alt="" width="640" height="474" /></p> <p><em> A Green Kingfisher sits silently over a forested stream.</em></p> <p>The western edge of the valley turns into the eastern edge of the Chihuahuan Desert with species reminiscent of areas further afield like intricately patterned Cactus Wrens, active Black-tailed Gnatcatchers, and speedy Greater Roadrunners. Standing on the banks of the mighty <em>Rio Bravo</em> here is always exciting. A seemingly endless supply of birds fly up and down the river including some early Red-billed Pigeons seen two days. Osprey, Gray Hawk, and Zone-tailed Hawks all flew by overhead and smaller denizens like miniscule White-collared Seedeater, bold Verdins, and tail-bobbing Black Phoebes worked the edges. A certain feeder setup here won for best of the trip as we watched several Altamira Orioles sharing their space with at least 3 Audubon&rsquo;s Orioles, all coming in to orange slices.</p> <p><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/AudubonsOriole.jpg" alt="" width="640" height="377" /></p> <p><em>Audubon&rsquo;s Orioles were seen extremely well.</em></p> <p><em><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/Chapeno.jpg" alt="" width="640" height="480" /></em></p> <p><em>Standing in the Rio Grande on rocks is a great way to see raptors.</em></p> <p>Our extension to Corpus Christi was a huge success. Our boat trip through Aransas National Wildlife Refuge produced at least 14 endangered Whooping Cranes, some extremely close. These colossal predators spend the winter here devouring as many blue crabs as they can before heading to the far north to breed.</p> <p><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/WhoopingCrane.jpg" alt="" width="640" height="435" /></p> <p><em>A Blue Crab hangs on for dear life as a Whooping Crane meets its match.</em></p> <p>Nearby a rare-for-Texas Broad-billed Hummingbird was a complete surprise as we watched it coming repeatedly to a stake-out feeder. This immature male was stunningly beautiful and voted best bird for some of the participants. A bit further inland the group had the good fortune of coming across our fourth owl species of the trip when a Barred Owl was spotted in a huge oak tree. Much to our surprise there were 2 of these hooting wonders and we got to experience them duet in the last rays of sunshine for the day. What a trip!</p> <p><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/BarredOwl.jpg" alt="" width="640" height="415" /></p> <p><em>A Barred Owl sits motionless awaiting nightfall.</em></p> <p>Jon Feenstra on his just-completed tour, <a href="http://wingsbirds.com/tours/ecuador-east-slope-andes/">Ecuador: The East Slope of the Andes</a></p> http://wingsbirds.com/reports/#1 2017-02-25 11:41:35 http://wingsbirds.com/reports/#1 Wings Staff Field Reports <p class="p1"><span class="s1">We just got back from the Amazon slope of the Andes in northern Ecuador east of Quito. This was a pretty short tour, five nights and six days, but we covered nearly 10,000 feet of elevation change between the high paramo above the town of Papallacta all the way down to the foothill rainforest on the south slope of the Sumaco volcano.</span><span style="font-size: 1.2em;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="p1"><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/image005.jpg" alt="" width="640" height="480" /></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">On one rainy day at Wildsumaco lodge we spent much of the day watching hummingbirds from the back porch. We ended up with 22 species of hummer that day including this flashy Gould&rsquo;s Jewelfront.</span><span style="font-size: 1.2em;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="p1"><span style="font-size: 1.2em;"><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/image004.jpg" alt="" width="640" height="427" />&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">This atlas moth outside of Cabanas San Isidro was one of the non-bird highlights of the trip. It was also a highlight for a Green Jay that found it shortly after sunrise.</span><span style="font-size: 1.2em;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="p1"><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/image002.jpg" alt="" width="640" height="480" /></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">While watching a raging mountain stream from a suspension bridge, a male Torrent Duck navigated the frothy waters right below us.</span><span style="font-size: 1.2em;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="p1"><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/image001.jpg" alt="" width="640" height="427" /></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">It took us two tries to find Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe in the high paramo (above 14000 feet el</span>. Finally after an hour of hiking around our driver found it right by the parking lot where we started!</p> <p class="p1"><span style="font-size: 1.2em;"><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/image003.jpg" alt="" width="640" height="426" /></span></p> <p>Frank Nicoletti on his recently-completed tour, <a href="http://wingsbirds.com/tours/minnesota-winter/">Minnesota in Winter.</a></p> http://wingsbirds.com/reports/#2 2017-02-16 14:49:31 http://wingsbirds.com/reports/#2 Wings Staff Field Reports <p>The expansive bog lands, boreal forests, and Lake Superior shorelines of Duluth, MN and environs offer an opportunity to see specialty birds of the northern climes in winter.&nbsp; Rather than undergoing predictable migrations, these northern species are erratic, wandering the expanse of the boreal forest and settling where food is most abundant or, in some years, not moving at all.&nbsp; The cyclical crops of spruce and fir cones and the fluctuating populations of voles, for example, determine to a large extent the numbers or even the presence of winter finches and northern owls.<span style="font-size: 1.2em;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p>Even in a year that could be said to be &ldquo;off&rdquo; for some of these northern nomads, we nevertheless&nbsp;had memorable encounters with many of the birds that make winter in the north so enticing to birders: Black-backed Woodpecker, Pine and Evening Grosbeaks, Bohemian Waxwing, Great Gray, Snowy and Northern Hawk Owl, and Spruce and Sharp-tailed Grouse, just to name a few.</p> <p>Our January travels through northeastern Minnesota and Northwestern Wisconsin could only be called balmy with temperatures often in the mid 30&rsquo;s and once reaching 40 degrees!</p> <p><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/GGOW.jpeg" alt="" width="640" height="464" /><br /><em>Great Gray Owl - <small>image: Duane Morse</small></em></p> <p><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/Gray_Jay.JPG" alt="" width="640" height="480" /><br /><em>Gray Jay - <small>image: Duane Morse</small></em></p> <p><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/Ruffed_Gr.JPG" alt="" width="640" height="480" /><br /><em>Ruffed grouse - <small>image: Duane Morse</small></em></p> <p><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/Spruce_G.JPG" alt="" width="640" height="480" /><br /><em>Spruce Grouse - <small>image: Duane Morse</small></em></p> South Africa 2017 pricing reduced! http://wingsbirds.com/miscellany#64 2017-02-15 11:02:10 http://wingsbirds.com/miscellany#64 Matt Brooks Miscellany <p>Our ever-popular tour to <strong><a href="%20South%20Africa:%20Kalahari%20to%20the%20Cape">South Africa</a></strong> has had a price reduction in 2017. There has never been a better time to go to this amazing country, full of spectacular flower blooms and abundant bird life. Steve Rooke has been leading this tour for over two decades and never tires of visiting one of his favorite countries. Join him in 2017!</p> <p><img 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" alt="" /></p> <p><em>Crimson-breasted Shrike</em></p> <p>Jon Feenstra on his just- completed tour, <a href="http://wingsbirds.com/tours/ecuador-mindo-northwest-andes/">Ecuador: Mindo and the Northwest Andes</a></p> http://wingsbirds.com/reports/#3 2017-02-12 13:22:52 http://wingsbirds.com/reports/#3 Wings Staff Field Reports <p class="p1"><span class="s1">We just got back into civilization after a week of birding the Mindo area of northwest Ecuador. We sampled a variety of forest habitats from elfin woodland below treeline to lowland rainforest, but mostly stayed within the pleasant, always birdy, and almost uncharacteristically sunny cloud forest. We ended up with 299 total bird species including 37 species of hummingbird.&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="p1"><span style="font-size: 1.2em;"><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/GiantAntpitta_AngelPaz_020717.jpg" alt="" width="640" height="426" />&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">A pair of Giant Antpittas at Reserva Paz de las Aves. The ingenuity and hard work of Angel Paz, the Andean farmer turned antpitta savant, allowed us to see four species of antpitta that day (as well as other shy forest birds like Dark-backed Wood-Qual and Rufous-breasted Antthrush).&nbsp;</span></p> <p class="p2">&nbsp;<img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/OBFruiteater_Amagusa_020517.jpg" alt="" width="640" height="426" /></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">An Orange-breasted Fruiteater eyes us from the canopy. This scarce and local bird is almost common at Reserva Amagusa in the super humid, moss-caked cloud forest near the town of La Delicia.</span></p> <p class="p2"><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/ToucanBarbet_SanTadeo_020417.jpg" alt="" width="640" height="427" />&nbsp;</p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Toucan Barbet, one of the local specialties of the Choco cloud forest. We had decent looks at this bizarre thing on four separate days of the tour. Always a crowd-pleaser.</span></p> <p class="p2"><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/WINGS_MindoTour2017-3.jpg" alt="" width="640" height="480" />&nbsp;</p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">A big spiky caterpillar that is much bigger than George Washington&rsquo;s head. Maybe it was some kind of lost sea-creature, but we carefully moved this thing off the floor and back into the forest.</span></p> <p class="p2">&nbsp;<img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/WINGS_MindoTour2017-1.jpg" alt="" width="640" height="480" /></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">The group watches some tanagers in the driveway of our lodge. We had more than 80 bird species our first morning just around our lodge outside of Mindo. </span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1"><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/6033041775_af1621b77d_z.jpg" alt="" width="640" height="480" /></span></p> <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Beryl-spangled Tanager was probably the most common bird that morning.</span></p> <p>Jake Mohlmann on his just-completed tour, <a href="http://wingsbirds.com/tours/arizona-winter-week-southeast/">Arizona: A Winter Week in the Southeast</a></p> http://wingsbirds.com/reports/#4 2017-02-09 06:45:12 http://wingsbirds.com/reports/#4 Wings Staff Field Reports <p>Another wonderful week in the desert southwest as our Winter Week tour comes to a close. Just over 1,000 miles of wonderful scenery were traversed and just under 140 species of birds were seen. Our home base at Casa de San Pedro provided an extremely comfortable spot for us to return to daily, and look forward even more to the divine breakfasts awaiting us in the mornings.</p> <p><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/GroupCaveCreek01.jpg" alt="" width="593" height="400" /><br /><em> Our group high above Cave Creek Canyon.</em></p> <p>The Patagonia Lake area was hopping with birdlife and we were met by Swamp and Lincoln&rsquo;s Sparrows, Bewick&rsquo;s and rare Winter Wrens, and empidonax flycatchers such as Hammond&rsquo;s and Gray Flycatchers. Our patience was awarded when we all watched a Virginia Rail creep out from the brush along the lakeshore and award us with amazing views of this normally shy denizen.</p> <p>&nbsp;<img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/VirginiaRail02.jpg" alt="" width="595" height="400" /><br /><em> A normally shy Virginia Rail out and about.</em></p> <p>The Huachuca Mountains provided a perfect backdrop for daily sunsets and the canyons here produced two avian highlights of the tour. On a short walk up Hunter Canyon my owl imitations invoked a spontaneous response from the bird itself when a &ldquo;Mountain&rdquo; Pygmy Owl was eventually tracked down. In a large oak tree this tiny bird hunter broadcasted its presence to us for at least 15 minutes as we watched, and took pictures, through the scope. In the nearby Carr Canyon we were about to come around a bend when a male Montezuma Quail was spotted sitting right in the middle of the road. Our group watched as at least 4 vehicles nearly hit this stunning bird but eventually it worked its way off the road. We cautiously went over to get a closer look, were stumped not to see it anywhere, and were shocked when at least 7 of these burst right out of the grass at our feet nearly giving us all heart attacks.</p> <p><img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/NorthernPygmyOwl01.jpg" alt="" width="538" height="400" /><br /><em> Monotonous tooting alerted us to this tiny Northern Pygmy Owl.</em></p> <p>The Sulphur Springs Valley was ripe with avian highlights including residents like Bendire&rsquo;s Thrasher perched next to the van and wintering rarities like Eurasian Wigeon in Willcox. A stately Ferruginous Hawk vied for our attention as we enjoyed one of several Greater Roadrunners seen on the tour. The showstopper in this area continues to be the Sandhill Crane show however. We stood in awe as wave after wave of these gray monstrosities came pouring into the Whitewater Draw Wildlife Management Area. Seeing a sea of thousands of these birds is something one never forgets.</p> <p>&nbsp;<img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/BendiresThrasher01.jpg" alt="" width="640" height="378" /><br /><em> A rare resident Bendire&rsquo;s Thrasher posing just outside the window.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;<img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/SandhillCranes01.jpg" alt="" width="495" height="400" /><br /><em> Thousands of Sandhill Cranes poured in as we ate our picnic lunch.</em></p> <p>In the famed Chiricahua Mountains we spent a day exploring Cave Creek Canyon with its pockmarked sheer pink walls and abundance of birds. In the flats a Streak-backed Oriole won as rarest bird seen on the trip, and close by a pair of Crissal Thrashers sat up for scope views.</p> <p>&nbsp;<img src="http://wingsbirds.com/img/tinymce/StreakBackedOriole01.jpg" alt="" width="640" height="381" /><br /><em> The only known Streak-backed Oriole north of Mexico seen well in Portal.</em></p> <p>Our week was filled with perfect weather unabated by any snow or rain. We were overjoyed to soak in the daily sunshine, lots of lifebirds, and endless scenery this tour has to offer. What a week!</p> Guatemala http://wingsbirds.com/tours/guatemala 2017-01-23 14:41:24 http://wingsbirds.com/tours/guatemala Will Russell Recently updated tours Just a three-hour flight from the US, the highlands of Guatemala&rsquo;s Pacific slope are famous worldwide for two birds: the improbable-looking Pink-headed Warbler and the bizarre and critically endangered Horned Guan. And with an expected split happening soon, one more species will be added to the list of specialties: the only true Guatemalan endemic, the incomparable Goldman&rsquo;s Warbler. Less well known are the astonishing concentrations of boreal migrants&mdash;especially wood warblers&mdash;that share these cool montane forests with a vast selection of Central American specialties. Though our tour specifically targets the resident warblers and the guan, we&rsquo;ll also take time to enjoy fully the diversity of the region&rsquo;s birdlife and to appreciate the charm of baroque Antigua. The Solomon Islands http://wingsbirds.com/tours/solomon-islands 2016-12-01 07:42:11 http://wingsbirds.com/tours/solomon-islands Will Russell Recently updated tours The Solomon Islands archipelago stretches from Bougainville, Papua New Guinea, in a southeasterly arc across the Pacific. Consisting of several large islands and numerous small ones, many of which are uninhabited, it is a must-see destination for serious birders. The archipelago is known for endemics, especially among pigeons, monarchs, fantails, myzomelas, and white-eyes. It also has a couple of near legendary flightless rails and some of the least-known birds on the planet. This tour, while visiting a number of the main birding sites within the Solomons, concentrates on areas that are most easily accessed. We&rsquo;ll see a good selection of Solomon Island endemics, but it won&rsquo;t be possible to reach a number of high-altitude specialties because of difficult terrain and steep trails. Some of our accommodations will be basic with limited facilities.&nbsp; Peru: Machu Picchu and the Manu-Kosñipata Road http://wingsbirds.com/tours/peru-machu-picchu-manu-kosnipata-road 2016-10-14 13:24:31 http://wingsbirds.com/tours/peru-machu-picchu-manu-kosnipata-road Will Russell Recently updated tours The awe-inspiring Incan ruins of Machu Picchu need no introduction, and any birding trip to this region of Peru should include a visit. We&rsquo;ll take advantage of our time here to bird the Urubamba River valley as well as some high-elevation lakes and marshes before continuing on to the Manu Biosphere Reserve, without question one of the most exciting birding destinations in the world. We&rsquo;ll stay at three lodges at progressively lower elevations along the road that descends the Kos&ntilde;ipata Valley from Acjanaco Pass down to Pillcopata. We&rsquo;ll visit protected habitats ranging from an orchid-laden cloud forest at the upper elevations, to the rich middle elevations where Andean Cocks-of-the-rock perform their mating displays right along the road, down to the uppermost reaches of the navigable Amazon river system with its tropical exuberance. Two recent books from Susan Myers http://wingsbirds.com/miscellany#61 2016-07-22 13:21:24 http://wingsbirds.com/miscellany#61 Will Russell Miscellany <p>Susan Myers has two new publications, a revision of her Birds of Borneo (Helm) and Wildlife of Southeast Asia (Princeton Pocket Guides).&nbsp; Both are listed on Amazon.&nbsp;</p> <p>Susan's comments on the Borneo revision follow: "I'm really thrilled that an updated version of Birds of Borneo has been released. It was a lot of hard work over the last two years or so to get this accomplished; I'm very happy with the result and I hope others will be as well. There's now a new and much more detailed introductory section, the taxonomy has been updated also and various other changes have contributed to what I hope is an even better book than the original."</p> <p>Congratulations Susan!</p>